Danger of swelling in pregnancy

About that in the happy period of expectation of the kidthere may be swelling, many pregnant women know. It seems that this phenomenon is normal, because it is everywhere. Why, then, do doctors strictly control the tests and pay attention to the first signs of puffiness? Are edemas dangerous during pregnancy?

Puffiness is usually called a condition whenexcess fluid accumulates in the tissues. This is manifested by swelling of the face and legs, the waist, arms, belly can swell. Indeed, edema for pregnant women - a common phenomenon that has an explanation. First, the matter is in the increasing need of the body in the liquid. By the way, a significant part of the weight gained during pregnancy is liquid.
Secondly, in the female body, sodium accumulates during pregnancy, which attracts and retains water in the body. The result is swelling first on the face, then on the legs.
The most common way to eliminate puffiness is by reducing salt intake, eliminating exposure to the sun and ensuring a proper rest.

Not bad help the foot bath, after which you should lie on your left side, lifting your legs.
These methods are effective in physiological("Normal") edema that do not pose a danger to the baby. 80% of pregnant women suffer from such swelling. But there are cases when edemas are not at all harmless companions of the future mother, requiring immediate measures to eliminate them.

In general, edema is one of the most common symptoms of gestosis (late toxicosis). There are 4 stages of gestosis:
1. Dropsy of pregnant women. In addition to edema, fatigue, weakness, and overall weight gain are observed.
2. Nephropathy of pregnant women. In this case, the blood pressure rises and a protein appears in the urine. Sometimes this condition is considered as threatening for a pregnant woman.
3. Preeclampsia. Changes in the brain, the fundus are revealed.
4. Eclampsia. Cramps appear, which is very dangerous both for the pregnant woman and for the fetus.

But that's not all. In addition to gestational, renal and cardiac edema can occur.
Cardiac edema appears if the pregnant woman has heart disease. In this case, puffiness always manifests itself in the lower parts of the body, the liver also increases, dyspnea, blue lips appear.
Kidney swelling usually begins with the face: bags appear under the eyes, then the hands and feet swell. The cause is kidney disease, which was in the past or developed against the background of pregnancy.

Physiological edemas are not dangerous,but if you notice that the puffiness itself does not pass away, other parts of the body swell besides the hands, - inform the gynecologist about it. The reason for panic is also a rapid increase in body weight (more than 300 grams per week or more than 20 kg in general).

Than the edemas are dangerous?
Puffiness indicates gestosis, and even ifThe pregnant woman feels well, this symptom can not be left out. Ignoring it leads to disruption of the connection "mother-placenta-fetus". This can provoke hypoxia with all the ensuing consequences.

What to do with swelling?

It is a mistake to think that you need to drink less. Fluid is an important component of the normal course of pregnancy. It is important to exclude provoking factors: pickles, spices, carbonated drinks, smoked products, fried.
Try not to walk in the heat, do not overwork, do not stay in one pose, do light gymnastics.
Help cool baths, foot massage, decoction of dried apricots, which you need to drink 30 minutes before breakfast.
Do not use diuretics without prescription.

What are the dangerous swelling in pregnancy? a photo: